Customize your Gnome desktop openSUSE 12.2

Gnome 3.6.x is awesome desktop, it improved quite a lot and more mature than it’s previous versions. This article is about Gnome 3.6.1 on openUSE 12.2.

System-info

The default icon set by Gnome is ugly[for me at least]. So 1st thing i need to do is change icons. Gnome tweak tool is a handy app to change your Gnome shell theme, icon theme, fonts etc. I am using Nitrux-Azure icon theme with Elegance shell theme and Ubuntu fonts. If you like these, download theme from here, icon set from here and fonts form here, after download extract the archives.

Niturx-icons-nautilus

Go to your home directory and create these folders if they don’t exist .icons, .themes and .fonts and copy the downloaded icon, theme and font folders respectively.

To show hidden files and folders in home directory press Ctrl+H.
Note: Note the dot before icons, themes and fonts, must have that dot.

To use User Themes you might need to install User Themes extension from here.
Now install gnome tweak tool if haven’t installed yet, open it.

Gnome-tweak-tool

1st activate the User Themes extension if it’s not activated yet. After activating go to Themes tab from left hand side menu and choose your favorite shell and icon theme.

For fonts, go to Fonts tab and select your choice there.

Now a few useful extensions for your desktop to beautify your desktop look and feel.

Desktop-gnome3.6

That is quite clean, simple and useful desktop. If you have any nice extension OR themes/icons in mind for Gnome 3.6 please do share. 🙂

Install urdu fonts in Linux (Ubuntu & openSUSE)

UPDATE (28-05-2013): For geo urdu site, please refer to this comment below: http://anl4u.com/blog/install-urdu-fonts-in-linux-ubuntu-opensuse/#comment-902792743

UPDATE(11-02-2013): In the past, crulp.org was having down time issues, and now one of the commenter said that the site domain has expired. Keeping that in mind, from now on both of the fonts will be available to download from our server. So users have no need to go to sites mentioned below to download the fonts. Download it from here, password to extract the archive is ‘anl4u.com‘ without quotes. Thanks to Muhammad for reporting this.

Ok, this was not that easy stuff if you don’t know how to do it and where to find it. I mean 1st fonts, then installation or copying to the right directories. Websites like bbcurdu.com and urdupoint.com are common Urdu news sites which i am sure most of the Urdu reading surfers will surf for the latest news and articles. These two websites use different fonts rendering system for browsers like Firefox and Chrome. I am not using any Urdu keyboard here and not using translation for the whole system, its just how to read Urdu websites in Linux, this tutorial is just for installing fonts system wide for browsers in Linux not a language pack etc. I will focus on two distros at the moment, Ubuntu and openSUSE. Ubuntu 9.04,9.10 and openSUSE 11.2(KDE4.4.3) will be used for the installation with Firefox 3.6.3, Firefox 3.0.19, Chrome 6.0.400.0. If you are on 10.04(Ubuntu), you can install it there also by the mentioned way below.

Update(15-01-2012): This solution also works for Ubuntu 10.04, 10.10,11.04 openSUSE 11.3, 11.4, 12.1.

Before going further to discuss the installation, we need to download these fonts:

1- NafeesWeb.ttf (For urdupoint.com etc)
Go to this web page, [Link is DEAD]
Download the file with this title ‘Font with MS VOLT project source‘. Unzip it in the directory where it is downloaded. Until here we are done with this font.

2- asunaskh.ttf (For bbcurdu.com etc)
Download directly from this site, http://www.quran.or.kr/urdu/font/asunaskh.ttf

So lets start from openSUSE, the easy one which will make your life easier.
1- Open ‘Personal Settings(Configure desktop)‘ and click on ‘Font Installer
2- Click on ‘Add‘ button and navigate to the fonts where you downloaded it.
3- It will ask for three options like: Personal, System, Cancel. Which means you want to install it just for this user or system wide for all. I went for System to install it system wide for other users too. It will ask for the root password upon installation.
4- Repeat step 2 and 3 for the 2nd font.
5- Restart your browser and there you go.

Easy i would say!

Now its turn for Ubuntu. Here also have two types of installation/copying, one is system wide and another is user specific.
Method-1 (User specific):
1- You are not much familiar with this terminal thing?, so lets do it the easy way then. Go to your home directory like my case /home/mian. You can use nautilus for this. Click on Places -> Computer and then navigate to your home directory.
2- Now click on ‘View‘ in the menu and check ‘Show hidden files‘. Alternatively you can use Ctrl+h, just press and hold Ctrl and press h.
3- Search for folder .fonts, is it there?, if yes then no worries. Ohh..is not there?.. don’t worry, lets create it, right click and create a directory with name without quotes ‘.fonts‘. (Note the point before fonts, don’t be confused. It’s dot with fonts, so that it becomes .fonts).
4- Now copy the fonts from the downloaded directory and paste it in .fonts directory.
5- Now a little bit terminal thing, but don’t worry its not rocket science. Just open terminal and type this.

sudo fc-cache -vf

If ask for the password, enter your password.
6- You are done, restart the browsers and check the websites.

Method-2 (System wide):

1- In this case, we will use terminal, but will be just two commands to get you these fonts working. Open terminal and type this:

gksudo nautilus

Enter your password to proceed.
2- Now go to this directory, /usr/share/fonts/truetype and create a folder named ‘urdu‘ without quotes, and paste fonts here from the downloaded directory. Close this window now.
3- Now in the terminal, run this command:

sudo fc-cache -vf

4- Done, restart Firefox or Chrome or other browser and navigate to your favorite Urdu site.

I haven’t tested this on new release of Ubuntu 10.04. I have to give it a try later.

Here are the two working examples in the form of snapshots for urdupoint and bbcurdu after font installation:

BBC urdu site

UrduPoint site

So now your fonts are installed and working. Enjoy reading and surfing these sites.
Good luck with it!

Install Arial/Time New Romans etc fonts in openSUSE11.2

As openSUSE11.2 have by default very good fonts installed. But some time we need M$ and some other TTF fonts to use. Like most commonly used one is ‘Times New Roman’. The installation in previous version of openSUSE was not easy like openSUSE 11.2. You are just a few clicks away from these fonts. As i write a tutorial before for 11.0,11.1 where we need to download a bash script and later that script will download the fonts for us.
But now we can install these fonts directly by that script from YaST, and that’s why i love YaST and openSUSE. Easy stuff, easy things.
so lets have a little fun with YaSTie.
1- Open YaST, go to software manager and type ‘fetch’ with out quotes and mark ‘fetchmsttfonts’ for installation.

Software management

2- What you are waiting for now. ohh…for any thing else to select so NOPE. Just click ‘Accept’ and you are done.

3- Check the new fonts either in openoffice or in your favorite text editor.

That’s it…